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GASTROINTESTINAL CONDITIONS

AND DISORDERS

Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain is one of the most frequent forms of pain among adults and children. Pain in the stomach area can be as simple as a belly ache or it can be life-threatening.

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Achalasia

Achalasia is a rare esophageal motility disorder that makes it difficult for food and liquid to pass into
your stomach.

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Anorectal Disease

Anorectal disease refers to ailments of the anus and/or rectum. The most common conditions include hemorrhoids, anal warts, anal fissures, anorectal abscesses, and anal fistulas.

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Barrett's Esophagus

Barrett's esophagus is a complication of chronic acid reflux, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

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Celiac Disease

Celiac Disease is a genetic digestive disorder that causes damage to the small intestine, interfering with nutrient absorption from food. People who have celiac disease cannot tolerate gluten, a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley.

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Chronic Diarrhea

A person who has loose, watery stools more than three times a day, for longer than two weeks, is experiencing chronic diarrhea. Other symptoms include cramping, nausea, bloating, and an urgent need to have a bowel movement.

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Chronic Liver Disease

Chronic liver disease is a broad term that encompasses any disease that causes the gradual destruction of liver tissue over time. There are many kinds of liver disease, some of which are caused by viruses, like Hepatitis C. Others can be caused from longtime drug and alcohol use or even poison.

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Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is a condition that causes the slow deterioration of the liver due to scarring. Over time, the liver will malfunction and not be able to perform its primary functions of making protein, fighting infections, storing energy, and cleaning blood.

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Colon & Colorectal Cancer

Colon cancer forms in the lining of the colon. Rectal cancer forms in the lining of the rectum, the last several inches of the large intestine terminating in the anus. Either of these cancers is called
colorectal cancer.

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Constipation

Constipation is a common gastrointestinal problem that affects approximately 30% of the general population and is most common in women, children, and the elderly. Even though it is a common problem, constipation should not be ignored as it can have serious side-effects if it persists.

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Crohn's Disease

Crohn's disease is a type of inflammatroy bowel disease (IBD). This chronic disorder causes inflammation in the digestive tract, also known as the GI tract, which can lead to abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, and other symptoms.

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Difficulty Swallowing (Dysphagia)

Difficulty swallowing, also known as dysplasia, is the feeling of food "sticking" in your throat or chest and is one of the complications of acid reflux/GERD.

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Diverticulosis & Diverticulitis

Diverticulosis is a condition when small pouches, called diverticula, form in the wall of the colon. This becomes more common as people get older. About half of people over the age of 60 have diverticulosis. A low-fiber diet can exert more pressure on the colon during bowel movements, which can cause these pouches to form. Diverticulitis does not cause any symptoms until they become inflamed or infected resulting in diverticulitis. These two conditions together are called diverticular disease.

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Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal cancer is cancer that occurs in the esophagus, the long, hollow tube that runs from your throat to your stomach. Esophageal cancer begins in the cells that line the inside of the esophagus and can occur anywhere in the esophagus.

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Esophageal Varices

Portal hypertension causes blood to be rerouted and pushed into smaller veins that cannot handle increased blood flow. This can result in the development of large, swollen veins or varices, in the stomach, rectum, umbilical area, or esophagus.

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Esophagitis and Stricture

Esophagitis is a general term for any inflammation, irritation, or swelling of the esophagus, which is the tube that leads from the back of the mouth to the stomach.

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Fecal Incontinence

Sometimes referred to as bowel incontinence or anal incontinence, fecal incontinence is the inability
to control bowel movements, causing an unintentional passing of solid or liquid stool or mucus from
the rectum.

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Gastrointestinal and Gastroenterologist

The term gastrointestinal (GI) refers collectively to the organs of the body that play a part in food digestion. A gastroenterologist is an internal medicine physician who has undergone additional education and training to specialize in gastroenterology, or treatment of diseases in the gastrointestinal tract
and liver.

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Heartburn, Acid Reflux, & GERD

Acid reflux occurs when stomach acid breaks up into your esophagus. This may cause heartburn and may ultimately cause damage to the lining of the esophagus. GERD, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease, is when a person experiences chronic acid reflux.

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Helicobacter Pylori (Stomach Infection)

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a bacterium that causes inflammation of the stomach, chronic gastritis, and ulcers in the stomach or small intestine.

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Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are veins around the anus or lower rectum that have become swollen and inflamed. Hemorrhoids can happen either inside the anus or under the skin around the anus. They are common in both men and women.

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Hepatitis B

Hepatitis literally means "inflammation of the liver." Hepatitis is a viral disease which targets the liver includes several strains, but the most common types of viral hepatitis in the United States are hepatitis B and Hepatitis C.

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Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a contagious liver disease, most often spread through contact with blood infected with the Hepatitis C virus. The virus can also be passed on through childbirth or unprotected sex.

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Hernias

A hernia develops when an organ or tissue pushes through a weakened area in an adjacent muscle or connective tissue. Hernias are caused by a combination of pressure and an opening or weakness.

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Hiatal Hernia

When a part of the body pushes into another are where it is not intended, this in known as a hernia. A hiatal hernia is a hernia that develops when the stomach moves above the diaphragm.

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD, is a general term that reflects an abnormal immune response resulting in inflammation of the intestinal tract.

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) affects the large intestine (colon) and can cause bloating, abdominal cramping, and a change in bowel habits.

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Jaundice

Jaundice is a condition that causes the whites of your eyes and skin to turn a yellowish hue. This is caused by bilirubin, a yellow chemical in hemoglobin that carries oxygen in red blood cells.

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Liver Cancer

There are two forms of liver cancer. Cancer that starts in the liver is called primary liver cancer, or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Cancer that spreads to the liver from another organ is called metastatic liver cancer. HCC accounts for most liver cancers, and it occurs more often in men than women.

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Liver Disease

Liver disease, also called hepatic disease, refers to a number of diseases that may affect the liver and its function. The liver plays a role in the production of bile, blood-clotting factors and amino acids, and aids in the processing and storage of iron for red blood cell production.

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Malabsorption

Malabsorption is difficulty digesting food in general or, more specifically, not being able to absorb nutrients like fats, proteins, sugar, or vitamins from food.

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Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer begins when cells in the pancreas develop mutations in their DNA. These mutated cells divide uncontrollably and can spread rapidly to other parts of the body.

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Pancreatic Cysts

Sometimes, the pancreas can develop closed sacs of fluid called pancreatic cysts. Most cysts are not cancerous and do not produce any accompanying symptoms. Pseudocysts develop as a complication of inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis).

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Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is a swelling of the pancreas, a small organ behind the stomach that produces the chemicals the body needs to digest food.

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Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD)

A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of the stomach or first part of the small intestine called the duodenum. When an individual has chronic peptic ulcers, it is known as peptic ulcer disease (PUD).

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Rectal Bleeding

Rectal bleeding should be viewed as a symptom and not a disorder itself. Most rectal bleeding is associated with a condition that can be treated.

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Reflux Esophagitis

Reflux esophagitis is one of the complications that can come from having chronic heartburn and acid reflux, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Esophagitis is inflammation that damages the lining of the esophagus and often causes painful or difficult swallowing and chest pain.

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Silent Reflux (Laryngopharyngeal Reflux)

Laryngopharyngeal reflux, also known as "silent reflux," is another possible complication that may develop with chronic heartburn and acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

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Stomach Problems and Swallowing Problems

Most people have experienced some type of stomach problem or discomfort in their lifetime. A person experiencing swallowing problems, which is called dysplasia, may have difficulty swallowing foods
or liquids.

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Stomach Ulcers

An ulcer is a disruption of the surface of the skin or a mucus membrane, which results in an open sore that may heal very slowly. Ulcers can develop on many areas of the body but the most common ulcers are found in the gastrointestinal tract.

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Strictures

Strictures act as a barrier to food being swallowed and can eventually prevent food and even liquids from making their way down the esophagus and into the stomach. 80% of esophageal strictures are related
to GERD.

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Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation in the lining of the rectum and colon. Ulcers form where inflammation has injured the cells that usually line the colon, which then may bleed and create pus.

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Abdominal Pain
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Achalasia
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Anorectal Disease
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Barrett's Esophagus
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Celiac Disease
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Chronic Diarrhea
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Chronic Liver Disease
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Cirrhosis
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Colon & Colorectal Cancer
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Constipation
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Crohn's Disease
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Difficulty Swallowing (Dysphagia)
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Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis
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Esophageal Cancer
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Esophageal Varcies
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Esophagitis and Stricture
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Fecal Incontinence
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Gastrointestinal and Gastroenterologist
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Heartburn, Acid Reflux & GERD
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Helicobacter Pylori (Stomach Infection)
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Hemorrhoids
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Hepatitis B
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Hepatitis C
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Hernias
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Hiatal Hernia
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Inflammatory Bowel Disease
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Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
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Jaundice
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Liver Cancer
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Liver Disease
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Malabsorbtion
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Pancreatic Cancer
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Pancreatic Cysts
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Pancreatitis
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Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD)
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Rectal Bleeding
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Reflux Esophagitis
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Silent Reflux (Laryngopharyngeal Reflux)
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Stomach Problems and Swallowing Problems
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Stomach Ulcers
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Strictures
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Ulcerative Colitis
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Waldorf Office
3510 Old Washington Road, Suite 201
Waldorf, Maryland 20602

P: (301) 645-8035
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6710 Oxon Hill Road, Suite 305
Oxon Hill, Maryland 20745

P: (301) 292-2300
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E: inquiries(@)giassocmd.com


Endoscopy Center
3510 Old Washington Road, Suite 200
Waldorf, Maryland 20602

P: (301) 861-3660
F: (301) 843-5184


Kensington Pathology
Consultants (Pathology Lab)

6736 Curran Street, Suite 1
McLean, Virginia 22101

P: (703) 893-0851
F: (703) 893-2626
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